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Genetically modified foods
Very warm greetings to all the teachers and participants present here for this webinar. I am Moulik Tejwant of class 5 from Sapphire International School, Ranchi. Today, I am going to present my views on the topic, “Genetically modified food is a boon or curse?
Genetically modified foods. A big scientific word for food though!
Genetically modified food is food produced from organisms whose DNA has been altered through genetic engineering, also known as GMOs. Well, this sounds beneficial for human consumption. But still, GM foods are controversial.
- Increased crop productivity.
- Instead of using pesticides, we can induce insecticides in plants, which is cost effective. By this crop protection increases.
- We can improve nutritional value of foods by inducing the genes of high protein and vitamin contained foods.
- We can improve the flavor of foods.
- As genetic engineering reduces the use of pesticides, it is a boon for environment, ground water and for farm workers also.
- Some people are allergic to some proteins especially proteins from peanuts.
- It’ll have effect on ‘non target’ species such as butterflies and caterpillars, as insecticides are induced in plants.
- Natural seed varieties and some foods will become extinct. It’ll cause loss of biodiversity.
- Farmers have to buy seeds every year as seeds from last year’s hybrids will not produce plants identical to the parent plant.
- Some research found that these foods have the risk of getting some cancers.
If we take care of these drawbacks, Genetic engineering will be the great benefit to everyone especially for the people of developing countries.
Good Morning. It’s my pleasure to introduce myself here. I am Swati Rajvardhan of grade 5 from Sapphire International School, Ranchi. Today I am going to speak on a topic, “Genetically modified food is a boon or curse?
The world’s population is continuously increasing and is expected to reach 10.9 billion in 2100 AD. Food production is constrained by the shrinkage of poor seed quality, pest attack, degrading environment, amplifying the food price volatility and potentially pushing millions of people into poverty. The changing weather patterns and diversification of diets have also demanded quality and sustainable production in agriculture.
The cultivation of hybrid and genetically-modified crops can be a better way to overcome these constraints. The genetically modified (GM) crops are made by inserting the genes of one plant into another by using biotechnological techniques. Such plants may be of the same or different species, or a completely unrelated kind of organism like bacteria or animals.
- More nutritious food
- Tastier food
- Disease- and drought-resistant plants that require fewer environmental resources (such as water and fertilizer)
- Less use of pesticides
- Increased supply of food with reduced cost and longer shelf life
- Faster growing plants and animals
- Food with more desirable traits, such as potatoes that produce less of a cancer-causing substance when fried
- Medicinal foods that could be used as vaccines or other medicines
Well, this sounds beneficial for human consumption. But still, GM foods are controversial. In the debate of GM crops, not only the importance, but also some consequences are reported. The most debated consequence is the effect on the environment and human health. It may cause allergies to humans. However, different research papers have indicated that GM crops did not demonstrate any health risk and posited little evidence of environmental damage
These concerns have thus far been unfounded. None of the GE foods used today have caused any of these problems. The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) assesses all GE foods to make sure they are safe before allowing them to be sold. In addition to the FDA, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) regulate bioengineered plants and animals. They assess the safety of GE foods to humans, animals, plants, and the environment.